2A.) An autonomous vehicle, also known as a
driverless car, self-driving car, or robot car, is a vehicle that can guide
itself without human conveyance. Autonomous Vehicles have many intended
purposes including increased mobility, increased safety, increased customer
satisfaction and reduced crime. Autonomous vehicles function through many
different means including radar, laser light, LIDAR, GPS, odometry and computer
vision. Along with these sensory devices, advanced control systems through an
integrated computer interpret information identifying navigation paths,
obstacles and road signage. The artifact
presented shows multiple adaptations of autonomous technologies to serve
intended purposes listed above.
2016, motor vehicle-related crashes on U.S. highways claimed 37,461 lives. Our
research tells us that 94 percent of serious crashes are due to dangerous
choices or errors people make behind the wheel” (NHTSA, 2017). When you take
humans out from behind the wheel, then human error would be inexistent.
Therefore, in theory, serious crashes would decrease by 94 percent. Although it
would be incredibly difficult to replace all cars with autonomous vehicles, the
more on the road, the better. Self-driving cars are safer for everyone, not
only the passenger of the car, but everyone on the road way. People would have
to worry about someone not paying attention, speeding, or drunk driving if they
were being transported by an autonomous vehicle.
other hand, there are some disadvantages of the autonomous vehicle revolution. As
we have seen in the past year more industries, including shipping, agriculture,
and human transportation jobs are being replaced with autonomous vehicles. “When
autonomous vehicle saturation peaks, U.S. drivers could see job losses at a
rate of 25,000 a month, or 300,000 a year” (Goldman Sachs Economics Research,
2017). At that rate, many people would be unemployed leading to many families
needing new sources of income.