ABSTRACT: One Belt, One Road is China’s global
vision initiative to integrate the region by the end of 2020. With the economic
integration with Islamabad through China -Pakistan Economic Corridor, China now
plans to initiate the integration programme with European Union. The Proposed
research would study the implications of OBOR in EU analyzing the role of the
leaders while dealing with the project. It will examine the detailed aspect of
the growing and shaping of the relationship between China and Europe with The
New Silk Road project, perceived relevancy and impact and supports for OBOR.
Using Neo-Regionalism as a theory to construct a thesis, it will use opinion
questionnaire method in soliciting information from the professional experts in
the field study of South Asia and Europe equally from each part of the country.
Since the findings of the research would be based on expert opinions it will
reveal the valuable insights into the reaction of the individual European
leaders on this project which would be useful for policy consideration,
planning and for the future of Europe.
The economic Corridor is considered to be one of the
development assistance in the South Asian region nowadays. It has been noticed
that the state-interdependency, seminars and diplomatic consultations are the
hallmark of the ever growing interconnections. One Belt, One Road also called
as Belt and Road initiatives by the president of China Xi Jingping is one of
the most ambitious foreign and economic policies. The 21st century
maritime silk route which is connecting Asia, Africa and Europe having the
maritime connectivity where on land, Beijing aims to connect to Europe via
Central Asia. The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor is a prime example of the
flagship project of OBOR which China launched during the autumn 2013,
enthusiastically supported by both Beijing and Islamabad for the neo – regionalism
in South Asia. China’s central interest in Central Eastern Europe has also
shown interest in establishing sectorial cooperation mechanisms focusing on
agriculture and climate with six southern European Countries like Greece,
Malta, Cyprus, Italy, Spain and Portugal. This regional economic integration is
giving birth to the theory of neo-regionalism where Chinese vision would be
connecting the Chinese cities to Europe. The maritime component would linking
the Indian Ocean Region and the red sea ,taking up the rail lines via 65
countries project including a Belgrade-Budapest railway line. Europe is just
starting to wake up to the idea of the New Silk Road and is on the verge of
becoming a secondary economy. The project would be covering 55 per cent of the
world GNP , 70 percent of the global population and 75 percent if the known
energy reserves (Casarani, 2015)i.The
buzz word connectivity and the current relationship between China and Europe is
one among the largest economic relationship. The civilizational partnership
between EU and China is more political and not solely transactional.
The diplomatic relationship between the European
Economic Community and People’s Republic of China in 1975 aims to produce “a
new age to promote and intensify trade to encourage steady expansion of
economic cooperation in the mutual interest of both the parties” (Brown &
Union is the second largest trading partner of the Chinese after U.S. and this
new project would make the transit to 10 days. The result in reduction of the
transport results increased trade and growth to boost two –way investment and
commerce. The same OBOR project running in South Asia would be connecting
Bangladesh –Myanmar – China and India, it is to be researched that which
project would be a success, Asia or Europe?
are the multidimensional underpinnings that underlines the bond of China and
the relationships in China and European are emerging after the cold war?
are the rising concerns about terrorism in Europe?
are the roles of the individual European Leader to strategies the Belt and Road
initiatives? How it is going to impact the European Governance?
Europeans have to offer while having the bilateral trade with China via Silk
for the future prospects and the significance of OBOR in Europe:
a. Cost and Benefit analysis?
b. Challenges during the
OBOR bring China more close to Europe?
the OBOR be a global success?
The European Union and China: Interests and Dilemmasiii
authored by Georg Wiessala, J. F. Wilson and Pradeep Taneja brought the
wider geo-political contextual framework of both EU and China. The book brought
the discourse of EU policy towards the regions of Asia.
According to the book Ghost Cities of China, author Wade Shephard said, that China is
reviving the old transportation route that Europe has forgotten about. The book
talked about the next generation globalization and development which would
change the paradigm of the new era trading policies.
The EU-China Relationship: European Perspectives: A
Manual for Policy Makers by Kerry Brown discusses the complexity and challenges
faced by China and Europe. The book deals with the policy insight of both the
countries of Europe and China.
The Silk Road: A New History of the World By Peter Frankopan,
this book extensively talked about the rich history of the silk routes from
ancient to the new routes. Most interestingly it dealt with the rise and fall
of Capitalism and Communism of that period. The book while written about the
modern Asia profile tend to be European.
The listed books haven’t discussed extensively about
the current emerging relationship between China and Europe. So, the research
would focus on the current terms of relationship between both the countries.
Also, it would improvise and focus on the role of the leaders regarding the BRI
project. Mostly, the researcher would try to bring the bigger perspective by
doing the comparative study of the impact of OBOR in South Asia and Europe,
which is new in the research and have a lot of space.
a. To elucidate the theories and paradigms of the
China’s neo-regionalism integration policy w.r.t South Asia and Europe.
b. To examine the historical and emerging
relationship of China with Europe post-cold war.
c. To evaluate the context of bilateral trade of
Europe with China under Belt and Road Initiative.
d. To assess the role of the European governance
throughout the OBOR Project.
e. To study the strategic interest of EU in China.
f. To do the comparative study of the impact of OBOR
in South Asia and Europe.
Secondary Sources of Data and retrieval : Sources
and Libraries/ information centers , Books, Reports , Monographs, Working
Papers, Articles in research journals, Periodicals, newspaper, electronic
Primary Sources of enquiry for the opinions: Dr.
Lawrence Prabhakar, Associate Professor at Madras Christian College, India who
specializes in academic and policy research on the areas of Chinese strategy.
He is the founding member and Founder Member- Secretary of Centre for security
Christian Wagner, Asia Senior fellow at Stiftung
Wissenschaft und Politik, Germany who specializes in Regional Cooperation and
alliances would be helpful to get the opinions and knowledge about the
theoretical part of my thesis.
The researcher would also try to reach out few
members retired or still in work from the European Union for more knowledge
about the reaction of the leaders from the Individual parts of Europe.
Interviews can be with the following: Military professionals,
Scientists and technologists; Policy research analysis; academic specialists
OF THE THESIS:
Introduction would deal with the significance of theme,
the theoretical contexts, the rationale of the study; the objective of the
study; the survey of the literature; the methodology of the study plan and chapters
of the thesis.
The Historical and the emerging relationship of China and Europe before and
after Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) would explore the historical relationship
among China and EU nations before and after the belt and road initiatives. The
symmetrical and asymmetrical dimensions of the economic relations.
The theoretical context of the neo-regionalism policy would be an assessment of
the integrated Chinese foreign policy in and around the globe relating to their
connectivity inclined to the flagship project of One Belt One Road Project.
Implications of OBOR in Europe and in special context to Sweden would analyze
the challenges and opportunities for EU nations. Different reaction from the
individual European countries would to
be assessed under this chapter.
V Role of the leaders of EU to the
Chinese inclusive global governance as the project asserts the developmental
vision which has been seen as the alternative to the regional trade agreements.
It would deal with the comparative study of the OBOR in Asia and the same
Project in Europe. The significance of the chapter would deal with the detailed
analysis of the project and their success chances in the countries involved.
The thesis would imply the theoretical knowledge of
the Neo-regionalism as the countries’ economies are integrated because of the
grand vision of China. The OBOR is also a running project in certain parts of
South Asia, the researcher would analyze the success and challenges of the
project which would be helpful for the policymakers and academician for the
future plans and research respectively.
Casarini,N. (2015 October/November). The
$300 billion highway linking Sinchuan to Lodz. The World today.
Brown, K., & Beatson, S. (2016). The European Union and China: The Need for
a More Politicized Relationship. Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies, 3(3),
P., Wilson, J. F., & Wiessala, G. (2009). European Union and China:
Interests and Dilemmas (European studies: an interdisciplinary series in
European culture, history and politics; 27) (UK ed.). UK: Rodopi BV.