Animal Farm and 1984 are two very different books that demonstrate the corrupt nature of communism; as well as warning readers about the devastating effects of totalitarian leaders rising to power. These books were written by a man named George Orwell. Orwell who witnessed the effect of communism and totalitarian rulers in the USSR, dedicated his life to exposing the evil behind them. The books he wrote became sort of anti-communist propaganda, that showed his readers how flawed and dangerous the communist mentality is. Animal Farm was written in 1944 to show how people in communist societies are never truly equal. Certain people will always rise above the rest and seize power, creating corrupt totalitarian rulers who will stop at nothing to maintain power and control. In this book a group of animals overthrow the cruel and inhumane humans running the farm. The animals start to live equal classless lives that’s main purpose is to manage the farm on their own, and start a revolution among animals on other farms. The pigs after teaching themselves to read and write, write”The Seven Commandments”, the rule of law that every animal is to live by. Noticing the vulnerability of the animals and the lack of leadership the pigs seize power. Napoleon (the leader of the pigs) starts to use violence to control the animals and commits mass killings to scare the animals into obedience. Towards the end of the book, the pigs become friends with the once-hated humans. Even worse they started to become like them. They talked, looked, and even walked like them, to the point where the other animals couldn’t tell the pigs and humans apart. They had become exactly like what they said they never wanted to be. 1984 was written in 1949 to warn readers about what could happen if totalitarian leaders like Hitler or Stalin, were allowed to take control of the world. He set the book in England to show that people like that could take control anywhere, even in seemingly advanced and democratic societies. In the book, the main character Winston Smith works for the Ministry of Truth, where historical records are modified to fit the needs of the Party. Everywhere he goes the Party watches and listens to everything he says and does. Winston had doubts about the party and was troubled by how they were changing history. He decided to illegally purchase a diary to write all of his dangerous thoughts in, because having negative thoughts about the Party was considered a crime. As a matter of fact, “thoughtcrime” as they called it, was the worst crime to commit. Winston is intrigued by a man named O’Brien, who he believes to be a part of The Brotherhood. The brotherhood is an underground society whose goal is to bring down the Party. Winston’s co-worker named Julia confesses to loving him, even though she wears a red bandana that symbolizes devotion to chastity. They have to keep their affair a secret because the Party has to approve couples, and sex is only allowed for the purpose of creating children that will grow up to serve the party. One day Winston receives a letter from O’Brien saying that he wants to meet. O’Brien lures Winston and Julia into a trap to trick them into committing an open crime against the Party, to which they are arrested and torn apart from each other. Winston is brought to the very feared Ministry of Love where he is brainwashed and endlessly tortured until he is faced with his greatest fear. He pleas for the torture to stop and for them to torture Julia instead. He has been completely broken down and has surrendered to the Party. He is freed but no longer loves her. Many of the same themes run throughout both Animal Farm and 1984 like; totalitarian leaders and the effect they have on the people they rule over, communism and its flaws, and a large gap between social classes. These recurring themes throughout Orwell’s work do a very good job demonstrating his stance on these topics. All these things put together make the dystopian setting both these books take place in.In both books, there is a large focus on the totalitarian nature of leaders. This theme is very prevalent and well conveyed. Orwell made it very clear that Napoleon and Big Brother are the two examples of dictatorship in these books. Both these characters are ruthless dictators that abuse their power to fuel their own agenda. They manipulate and lie to their citizens by using fear and distraction to control them. Due to the abuse of power from these characters their citizens suffer. In Animal Farm Napoleon and the other pigs take all the good food and shelter for themselves leaving the other animals malnourished and in bad living conditions. On top of that Napoleon conducts mass killings to terrify the other animals into obedience. In 1984 the citizens under Big Brother greatly suffer from lack of freedom and self-expression. Big Brother completely controls every aspect of their lives, to a point where citizens don’t even have the right to free thoughts. Like with Napoleon, citizens under Big Brother live in constant fear. They seemingly walk on eggshells their whole lives trying to avoid being “vaporized” by the thought police. Being “vaporized” was what they called it when the thought police killed you because they would erase you from every database and record making it seem like you never even existed at all. The main reason Orwell wrote these books was to warn readers what could happen if communism is accepted into society, and to show how flawed communism really is; he conveys this very well in Animal Farm. In Animal Farm Orwell creates his own communist society modeled after the USSR. With this he demonstrates what he feels the fate of all communist societies will be, based on what was happening in the world at the time. He argues that although at first communist governments seem prosperous, people will always be power hungry. They’re will never be a time where everyone is truly equal, someone will always end up taking control. The reason dictators are so common in communism is because there are no checks and balances of power. This leads to totalitarian leaders whose thirst for power knows no bounds. This is exactly what is demonstrated in Animal Farm. Although the initial intention was in the right place, communism is a breeding ground for corruption. Orwell does a good job of showing that even the purest intentions will eventually be corrupted, giving opportunity for a dictator to rise to power. 1984 is Orwell’s’ more extreme version of the communism show in Animal Farm. In this book instead of showing the formation of a communist government and how it becomes corrupt and eventually totalitarian, in 1984 all of this has already happened. It shows the aftermath of a communist government turned totalitarian. This book covers more of what happens after the corruption of a communist government rather than a communist government itself.