Discrimination is a sociological referring to treatment taken toward or against a person of a certain group that is taken in consideration based on class or category. Gender discrimination mentions to beliefs and attitudes in relation to the gender of a person. It is defined as adverse action against another person that would not have occurred had the person been of another sex. It is the practice of letting a person’s sex unfairly become a factor when deciding who receives a job, promotion, or other employment benefit. It most often affects women who feel they have been unfairly discriminated against in favor of a man. Gender based discrimination present practically in every sphere in the workplace, housing, education, healthcare, and countless other areas. Gender specific is something intended only for one sex. Even though we can say our society now a day’s equally better subject’s humanity. We can observe a male domination almost all the field. The work place, discrimination is a major problem, employees should be protected against it, and there is wide range of cases of discrimination around the world. Female inequality in workplace is one of the harmful aspects that is afflicting the entire society.
Women have experienced a historic situation of inequality in the social as well as professional aspects. Women were normally the ones that would take care of children, do the chores in the house, and in rural areas; they would work in the field with the rest of the family. However, today’s women have become more self-sufficient and independent from the predominant male figure within every historical family. Gender inequality in the workplace is becoming less common; yet, gender is a factor that affects men and women. Especially women have been subjected to a historical discrimination that has influenced society to decide which job is more suitable for women than men. However, women have confronted and tried to break down the barriers that has been there before them. For example, when we look to most of the companies all their CEO’s or higher positions are men’s. In the workplace, women do not receive the same benefits that men do. Women are a major part of the human resource of an economy and a company and thus their empowerment and development are essential for the development of the economy. Several studies have confirmed that decreasing gender inequality improves productivity and economic development and that the economic advantages of reducing back barriers to women’s engagement in the workforce could be substantial.
One of the category of gender discrimination is the pay gap. One cannot begin the discussion of gender pay gap without defining it. Simply put, gender pay gap is the inequality between men and women wages. Gender pay gap is a constant international problem, in which women are paid, on average, less than that of their male counterpart. As to if gender pay gap still exists, its exactness fluctuates depending on numerous factors such as professional status, country and regional location, gender, and age. Regarding gender, in some cases, both men and women have stated that the gap does not exist. Due to various countries initiatives to shrink the wage inequality between men and women wages in the work force, the gap has narrowed, respectively, which may have helped form such opinion. However, stating that the gender pay gap does not exist today, anywhere, is completely unlikely. Seeing that the gap has loosened its grasp in the working world, in other countries, the gap between pay has widen or remained stagnant. One cannot help but wonder why the gap remains consistent even with such substantial progress made in countries where the gap has decreased. Women who work at the same place with the same positions as men are not receiving equal pay compared to the male workers. According to the American Association of University Women, they released a new study that showed when men and women attended the same kind of college, picked the same major and accepted the same kind of job, on average, the woman would still earn 82 cents to every dollar that a man earned. Employers still view men as more capable, reliable, responsible, productive, and better qualified than women, especially when considered for executive positions. Employers feel that a family or children tend to be an added burden on a woman and tend to prohibit her from being loyal to her employer. Also, she is perceived not to be as productive since she has other responsibilities on her mind.
One of the other problem than caused by gender discrimination is sexual harassment at the workplace based on gender. Sexual Harassment has been very problematic issue in the workplaces. It occurs everywhere in the world. Throughout the history, many women have suffered from unsolicited sexual behaviors, usually provoked by their employers or co-workers. Nevertheless, in both types of harassment, the harasser might be male or female. The victim doesn’t have to be opposite sex. Yet, the victims are usually in a position to depend on a person who is forcing them. For example, those can be divorced mothers or widows, young people and ethnically diverse. Therefore, it is easier to force them to sexual act in exchange for some prize, such as promotion, or keep the job. Sexual harassment is a violation of women’s rights and a prohibited form of violence against women in many countries. Sexually harassing conduct causes devastating physical and psychological injuries to a significant percentage of women in workplaces around the world. Harassment directed against women in the workplace by their supervisors, fellow employees, or third parties interferes with the integration of women in the workforce, reinforces the subordination of women to men in society, violates women’s dignity and creates a health and safety hazard at work. Sexual harassment can take two forms. First, whenever an employee is required or requested to engage in or submit to sexual acts as a term or condition of employment, assignment, or job benefit. Second, sexual harassment may exist when comments, conduct, or actions of the employer, supervisors, or coworkers creates an unwelcome or hostile work environment. Managers should be mindful of both and seek to prevent them.
indirect gender discrimination is more subtle than direct discrimination. Some recruitment practices may not even be a deliberate attempt to discriminate, but nevertheless have the effect of disqualifying female job candidates. The U.S. labor market may be bouncing back but men and women seeking jobs across the country find themselves facing very different employment conditions. The value of women in the workplace is largely recognized, but that doesn’t mean women stand an equal chance of landing a job. Equality for women has come a long way, but there is still progressing to be made. And that doesn’t just mean equal pay. Women face inequality and discrimination before they even get a job, despite federal laws prohibiting this unfair treatment by employers. Notwithstanding these rules, a study by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) found distinct discrimination towards female candidates. When hiring managers had to choose between an equal mix of men and women for a math-based task, both male and female managers favored male candidates, based on their paper qualifications alone.
One other discrimination that been around for years is woman are less likely to get promoted. Across all organizational levels, the study found that women are a whopping 15% less likely than men to get promoted. There’s a common misconception that women who start families are subsequently less ambitious in their careers. Women across the country are being passed over for promotions because of their gender. They may not know that this is illegal or where to turn to get the recognition they deserve. Profession separation in woman is found in the demoralization of entering certain fields of work, for example, the sciences, mechanical, building, police and organization fields. The term woman’s s work is frequently thought less renowned than occupations held by the contrary sex. This is a type of debasement of female s employments. women are contracted into less alluring employments and one a vocation moves toward becoming related with woman’s, it is evaluated in the authoritative setting. Isolation not just discourages the wages of women; it surrounds their objectives, yearnings, and alternatives. Numerous females tend to pick employments marked as woman’s employments, for example, instructors, medical attendants, social laborers, or curators, keeping in mind the end goal to succeed inside their occupation. This puts down females in the work environment, because of the sex parts learned. Women were become the more female, and men as manly. Because of this supposition that men and women are of various ranges, it is trusted that females can’t do what the men do and the other way around. It is found and explored that with a similar measure of instructive foundation, females hold less manager positions and get bring down pay
Now let’s look in another point of view where gender discrimination is view as good or positive towards the economic, especially for employers, manager, and companies. Gender inequality is good economics. we know that individuals, economies, and societies would benefit from gender parity in the long term, gender inequality is often a perfectly rational choice for individuals in the short term. A topical debate in recent years has been the issue of female representation on boards. Company boards around the world are predominantly made up of male executives, with a very small proportion being female.
From all the discussing above, gender inequality is obviously an urgent problem in the world. Even though its volume much decreases, it still exists and makes a lot of people suffer its consequences every day. And there are many reasons leading to gender discrimination which cannot be solved easily. Worldwide, most countries recognize that equal rights should exist between men and women. Many have produced regulations intended to fight discrimination and programs granting women access to health, education, and economic rights such as land ownership. However, the fact remains that women have fewer opportunities than men to benefit from economic development, with lower participation in the labor force. However, with education and progressive thoughts of people, there are also reasons to trust in the future of gender inequality being stopped. Then, hopefully, people can live in fairness no matter what gender they are.