In 1666, the Great Fire raged across London, leaving rubble and bodies in its wake. For four days the fire demolished most of the city and thousands of homes. The fire drastically affected London negatively and positively. It began in Thomas Farriner’s bakery early in the morning, traveling along the Thames River. Fires were common in London due to fire being the source of heat and light; however, the dried-out wood, closely built buildings, and strong wind aided the flames (Davies). No one could have fathomed the destruction it would create. On the other hand, the fire produced London an opportunity to rebuild the city for the better. The Black Death had ravaged the city in 1665, causing thousands to die. However, the Great Fire killed off the rats that carried the disease. Therefore, the fire stopped the disease, which shows some good did come from the fire. The Rebuilding Act was created to destroy anything that contributed to the fire, including changing building materials from wood to stone or brick. Another result of the fire was new inventions. London decided to make water easier to access, which contributed to the beginning of fire hydrants and fire trucks. People who knew how to use these and put out fires created fire brigades. Another creation influenced by the fire was the insurance industry. For example, “The Fire Court was set up to deal with property disputes and decide who should pay… Nicholas Barbon capitalised on the business opportunity, setting up the first insurance company, the Fire Office, in 1667” (Davies). This shows that the Great Fire of London did not just destroy the city, but it also provided London with many opportunities to flourish and create new things that we use today, including insurance. Not only did the fire influence new inventions, but also it changed notable buildings in London. The St. Paul’s cathedral was destroyed during the fire; however, its gave Sir Christopher Wren the chance to redesign the building. It became the first cathedral in a Protestant England that reflected Catholicism (Davies). The Great Fire allowed Wren to see his vision come to life and for the city to experience new architecture. Much of London was destroyed by the Great Fire. It was a devastating tragedy for many, but it also changed history for the better. It provided an opportunity for London to rebuild a better city and influenced many new inventions that we use today.