Introduction: but first I’ll handle the tour

Introduction:

Merhaba, Hello
and good afternoon ladies, first I welcome our tourists UAEU tourism students
in turkey. I’d like to introduce myself. My name is Khulood. I’m your first
tour guide here today. So let’s start and please enjoy yourself. Right now
we’re in Istanbul in sultan ahmad city. And in front of you is our sight for
today Hagia Sophia museum hagia Sophia basically means church of the wisdom.
There are many buildings throughout the history that has affected the way we
used to think about architecture. This museum is one of the most important
architectural antique in Middle East’s history, which I’m sure that you all
would feel proud of. It is known for its beautiful structure and decoration.
Rome who were the one who built it first. The official religion of the Roman
Empire was Christianity; they had the palace close by that’s why the most
important church was built here. The older name of the museum was Megál?
Ekkl?sí? which means the great church. Then it converted to a mosque by
Muhammad al fatih, then to a religious museum by the first President and
founder of Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. Now the church that we’re standing
on, is not the original one. The original one burned down in the past during
subsequent riots. Nothing remains of the first church today! There were many
trials to convert it back as a mosque but no changes till now. Amazing history
right? So let’s go on but first I’ll handle the tour to our next guide Fatima.
If you have any questions please stop us and ask. Have a nice one!.

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Tourism Static:

Here you will
have some information about Hagia Sophia Museum visiting information

, For Summer Schedule- 15 april to 30
october the visiting hours is started from : 09.00am

to 19.00pm and for the Winter Schedule-
30 october to 15 april the visiting horus is started from : 09:00am to 17:00pm
and the ticket price: 40 TL ,

Hagia Sophia Museum’s visiting hours of
winter schedule are 09:00-17:00 with the last entrance time of 16:00. Visiting
hours of summer schedule are 09:00-19:00 with the last entrance time of 18:00
Also you can buy the tickets by using our website and its esay , also its will
help you to enter the museum quickly. Those who can enter for free Turkish
children and teenagers 18 years old or younger ,Foreign children 12 yaers or
younger except Harem, For the Harem under 6 and younger,Citizens of the Turkish
Republic 65 years old or older,Veterans, spouses and children of martyrs and
veteran,Handicapped citizens with one attendant,Soldiers and non-commissioned
officers.Owners of ICOMOS, UNESCO and ICOM cards,Owners of Press Card.

Also there is Audio Guide in 12 languages
can be bought from the museum entrance

Current Languages Turkish and
English,  French, German, Italian
,Spanish,Arabic,Japanese,Persian,Greek,Russian,Korean.

Hagia Sophia Museum is not available for
visiting in the first days of Ramadan and Sacrifice Festivals for half time.

 Hagia Sophia Museum Statistics

YEAR        VISITOR NUMBER

2007 2.226.159

2008 2.236.966

2009 2.244.956

2010 2.952.768

2011 3.248.307

2012 3.353.199

2013 3.326.591

2014 3.574.043

2015 3.425.236

2016 1.436.577
person visited the Hagia Sophia Museum.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interior design

Hagia Sophia is one
of the best surviving symbols of Byzantine and Ottoman architecture. Its inside is
designed with mosaics and marble columns and covers of awesome aesthetic.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hagia Sophia’s Dome:

 

The
most critical distinction in Hagia Sophia’s structural outline is that its size
and estimations are significantly bigger than other different holy places, and
the focal dome is considerably greater and higher. The dome that is over the
dome space is 55.60 m. from ground level, 31.87 m. from North to South and
30.87 m. from East to West.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Minbar:

Minbar
is a platform in the mosque where the imam (pioneer of prayer) stands to convey
sermons on Fridays. Minbar is at right hand side of the sacrificial table in
Hagia Sophia and work in the time of Sultan Murad the third. It is outstanding
amongst other marble workmanship of sixteenth century of Ottoman period.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sweating Pillar:

This
column called perspiring pillar or wishing column. In a few references, it is
shown that this column has the power to cure illness. Consequently, people
trusted that they would feel better if they put their fingers into that gap on
the section and after that rub them to where illness is felt. As indicated by
another legend, this wetness is depicted as the tear of Virgin Mary.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marble Cubes:

These
urn-shaped monolithic marble cubes date to the Hellenistic Period (330-30 BC);
relocated to Hagia Sophia in the era of Sultan Murad the third in the sixteenth
century. Used for distributing juice to the public for holy nights and
celebration prayers in the mosque period. The cubes have taps at their lower
parts for consuming water in other days.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Private Sections (“Maksure”):

Hagia
Sophia had been utilized for not only religious purposes but also as an
educational center. The community was lectured here for religious and
scientific topics by the prominent ecclesiastics and scientists of the day out
of prayer hours. There are private wooden sections in the structure for these
purposes called as maksure. There are a total of 11 private sections (maksure)
in Hagia Sophia.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hagia Sophia Mosaics

Now we moved to the Hagia Sophia Mosaics, and in this tour
you will know  about the story of each
Mosaic or what is representing each of mosaic.

Deesis Mosaic:

In the upper south display you can see the Deesis Mosaic,
which it going back to 1261.”In Byzantine art, a Deesis is a traditional
representation of the Virgin Mary and Saint John the Baptist, begging Christ
for the salvation of man.

 

Imperial
Door Mosaic:

It is located on the tympanum above the
imperial door leading to the narthex. This door was used only by emperors, and
it was the most splendid entry to the church. The mosaics date back to 9 or
10th century. Emperor Leo VI with a halo over his head is giving proskynesis,
an act of respect to Christ, who is sitting on a jeweled throne. With his right
hand, Christ is blessing the emperor, and his left hand is holding a book
written “Peace be with you. I am the light of the world” on it. Also you can
see on both sides of Christ, there are figures in the roundels. One of them is
his Mother Mary and the other is Archangel Gabriel. This image is intended to
show the timeless power of emperor and his subjects blessed by Christ.

 

Apse
Mosaic:

At the
east end of the church, at a high point in the apse, it depicts Virgin Mary
sitting on a backless throne decorated with jewels, and holding child Christ on
her lap. On 29 March 867, patriarch Photius inaugurated the mosaic. The image
was possibly damaged and destroyed before and restored heavily in the 14th
century, and by the way, the golden background is the original remaining from
the 9th century. If you look at this mosaic on each side of the image are
stand archangels Michael and Gabriel.

 

Southwestern
entrance mosaic

 

This mosaic is located
in the southwestern in the tympanum, and it is founded during the restoration
time in 1849. In the left side of Virgin Mary Emperor Constantine is standing
wearing the ceremonial attire and he is presenting to Mary a model of the city.
Next to emperor Constantine there is an inscription contained: “Great Emperor
Constantine of the Saint”. Emperor Justinian standing on the right of Virgin
Mary the first and she is presenting Hagia Sophia’s
model.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Building
Engineering & Exterior design:

The construction line was shaped like a Greek cross, 250
feet long and 225 feet wide, with each side covered with a dome and the central
dome on the square (100 feet 100 ×) consisting of cross-ribs, the peak of the dome
was one hundred and eighty feet high. And a diameter of one hundred feet less
than the diameter of the penthouse in Rome was thirty two feet long and this
second dome was poured from the reinforced concrete one piece solid, either the
Hagia Sophia dome was built of bricks in thirty surfaces, all of which converge
at one point – a weaker style First, it is not the advantage of this dome in
its size but in its pillars, it is not based on a circular building as a dome
but on ligaments from above, and on contracts between its round edges and its
square base. These were not resolved the architectural problem before that time
a more conciliatory solution than this. Brokepius described the dome as “A
glorious work that brings greatness in the soul. It does not appear to be based
on what is underneath the building, but as if it were hung by a series of gold
in the towers of heaven. The outer section contains the tombs and tombs of the
sultans, the primary school, the waterfall and the wagons of ablutions, the two
chambers, the minarets, the external pillars, the treasury building, the poor
house, the al-Fateh school.

The minarets of Hagia Sophia:

Hagia Sophia converted into a mosque after the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople. Four
minarets were added to call people to pray. In 1935 Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the
founder of modern Turkey, moved to a museum that testifies to the history of
the region and includes Islamic and Christian thesaurus Priceless.

The head of the Turkish religious affairs appointed an imam of the Honekorn Palace mosque within the framework of the Hagia Sophia, allowing the re-prayer of the four minarets in Hagia Sophia after a decades-long suspension.In 1991, Turkey reopened the Honekorn Palace mosque in Hagia Sophia before worship again.In a meeting with Anatolia, Mufti of the Congregation of the Conqueror, Irfan Ooston Dag, said that the doors of the Honecar Palace were open to the worshipers during the five prayers, stressing that with the appointment of an imam of the palace, the ranks of worshipers in the mosque increased significantly. 

He added that the sounds of the Azan have risen from the four minarets in
the Hagia Sophia 5 times a day after the appointment of the new Imam, pointing
out that the palace Honekar is not an essential part of the Hagia Sophia, but
was built in the Ottoman era by Sultan Mahmud I, which is open to worship now, not the whole of Hagia Sophia.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Convert it to museum:

I am tour guide
Maitha alkaabi and I am gone give brief information WHY they change the Hagia
Sophia from mosque to museum.In 1934 ,the government of Turkey secularized the
Hagia Sophia and turned it into museum.The Turkish Committee of priests that
due “to its historical significance the conversion of the (Hagia Sophia)
mosque, a special building landmark of craftsmanship found in Istanbul , into
museum will please the entire Easter world and the change to museum will cause
humankind to pick up unused institution of knowledge. From Robert Nelson,
“Hagia Sophia: 1850-1950: Holy Wisdom Modern Monument,” University of
Chicago Press, 2004).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conclusion:

Hello My name is
Maitha Aldhaheri, we have come with you to the end of our journey in this
museum which holds a lot of stories from the moment of its construction to the
present day. It is an ancient museum that has witnessed the history of the
region and contains many treasures of Islam and Christianity, such as what we
have seen coexistence between the Muslim and Christian side, and this shows the
understanding and tolerance between all different groups in terms of religion,
form, race, colors and think, no difference between each other’s. We have
covered many sections of the museum and have known it in a simple and
understandable way about its history, how it was created and built. And on the
other hand we have the interior and exterior design of the museum and is the
most distinguished from other museums in Turkey specifically and the world, and
from my personal opinion that there is a strange feeling when you see from
outside and when you take the first step inside it is a majestic feeling in
this holy place And how it has been transformed over the years from a
cathedral, a mosque and finally to this magnificent museum. Tourism in Turkey
is wide and varied but the main destination for tourists is the Hagia Sophia
Museum, because of its many advantages that amaze them and I am sure it caught
your attention. It has been and remains one of the largest historical monuments
in the region and the world and there is no doubt that all people have respect
for this museum because of the history, antiques and treasures of the two main
religions which are Islamic and Christian, also how each part was respected
through the workers In it or even visitors. So thank you for coming here and
you have been a source of our happiness today in this light trip to this
wonderful museum and wish you were enjoying and that every information or
explanation was understandable to you. We have been pleased to inform you of
this historical legacy and hope to tell your families and friends about this
museum if you have your satisfaction and admiration.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References:-

 

http://www.peraair.com/hagia-sophia-in-istanbul9870

https://jerryandgod.com/hagia-sophia-and-luke-8-the-parable-of-the-sower/opiuy543

http://www.ancient-origins.net/ancient-places-asia/hagia-sophia-istanbul-secrets-god-003133

http://ayasofyamuzesi.gov.tr/en/int-interior

Things to do in Istanbul – Visit Hagia Sophia (Ayasofya)

https://www.livescience.com/27574-hagia-sophia.html

http://sights-and-culture.com/Turkey/Hagia-Sophia.html

http://whc.unesco.org/en/documents/110717