INTRODUCTION part of the princely state then.

                                                                                                                             INTRODUCTION

Gandhi was one of the
greatest souls that existed in human history. His remarkable contribution to
not just Indian Freedom Struggle but also all the over is beyond
commendableness. The purpose of this essay is to look at Gandhi’s views on Village
Swaraj. Tilak was the earliest proponent of the term Swaraj which means
‘self-rule’. His quote ‘Swaraj is my birth-right and I shall have it’ is known
by all. After Tilak’s death in 1920, Gandhi did take upon himself the
succession of these ideas but instead had his own unique philosophical realm. In
a lot of his books and seminal works, he talks about his Adarsh Village which
is based on the concept of Village Swaraj. For the purpose of this essay, the
concept of Village Swaraj shall be divided into two broad aspects; one is the
economic aspect of Village Economy and the other is the system of Political Decentralisation.
It studies the concepts and Gandhi’s views on the same. Then, it shall
critically analyze them by relating to some real time examples. The final
purpose of the essay shall be to check its relevance and infer whether Gandhi’s
utopian views hold any significance in the present societal structures or not. In
the first part, we shall look at the life-sketch of the thinker. Here we shall
analyze the family background, socio-political conditions prevailing then as
have a profound effect on one’s way of thinking. In the second part, the essay
provides a brief outline of Gandhian philosophy. Here the concepts of satya,
ahimsa, sarvodaya, swaraj, self-reliance are focused upon. In the next part,
the paper focuses on the concept of Village Swaraj which is a culmination of
the above mentioned ideas. Here we shall critically analyse them in relation to
various present day policies.

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        LIFE-SKETCH 

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2nd
0ctober, 1869 in Porbander. It is a town located by the coast of the
Kathiawar Peninsula. It was a part of the princely state then. He was Hindu but
birth born in the Baniya family. His family was mainly of small-scale traders. When
Gandhi’s mother, Putlibai gave birth to him in their family residence, they
described Gandhi as a “restless as mercury, either playing or roaming about”
(Biography.com, 2017). As a child, he was timid and docile boy. He grew up
listening to stories from Hindu mythology that is, stories of Shravana and
Harishchandra. It in autobiography he admits that these stories have had a
great impact on his childhood.

His father, Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi was the Diwan or
the then Chief Minister of the administrative unit. Inspite of having studied
only uptil the elementary school level and only having worked as a clerk in the
state administrative offices, he was selected as the Chief Minister. He also
proved to be a capable one. He had almost four wives in his lifetime. He
married Putlibai in his fourth marriage. She came from the city of Junagadh.