INTRODUCTIONPune, western boundary of the city. The

INTRODUCTIONPune, earlier called ‘Poona’ is the eight largest cities of India with a population of 4.5million, and the second largest in the state of Maharashtra. It is located in thewestern part of the country. It is one of the most important cities of western India andis aptly called the `Queen of Deccan’. It is located roughly 160 kilometres east ofMumbai. It is situated at the eastern edge of the western-ghats on the Deccanplateau. Pune is also the cultural and educational capita of the state.Pune is situated on the banks of the confluence of the ‘Mula’ and ‘Mutha’ rivers. The’Mutha’ river also forms the western boundary of the city. The ‘Mula’ river meets the’Mutha’ river at the north-eastern tip of the city. This confluence is known as’Sangam’ in the local language. This joint forms the northern boundary. The easternpart of the city was bounded by the ‘Bhairoba nala’ – which is a small stream flowinginto the main river.The highest point within the city is the Vetal hill whereas the highest point of theurban area is the Simhagad fort.In the past two decades, Pune has experienced an urban growth. Urbanization istaking place all over India in past two decades, and the city of Pune is no exception.Maharashtra is the most urbanised state in the country with 42.4 per cent of itspopulation or 41 million people living in urban centres. Within Maharashtra thewestern part, which includes Mumbai and Pune is more developed than the rest ofthe state. A study of an important city such as Pune is a pointer to the form thatsmaller urban centres are likely to take in future as the country urbanises.Pune has along-standing urban tradition, first as an historical centre of pre-colonial urbanism,then as an important military centre during British rule and, in independent India, asa rapidly growing contemporary industrial centre and today a centre of informationtechnology and biotechnology.After 1950 a diversified modern manufacturing sector grew in and around the city. Inconsequence there has been a steady influx of population in causing a rapid growthof population in the area. Pune is now a metropolis with a population of nearly 4.5million. Over the past five decades while there has been more or less rapid growth ofproduction and income, the city has witnessed a growing competition for availableemployment opportunities that resulted from migration from all parts of the country,hence causing an overall increase in population of the city. It has also witnessed a