It last 10 years the global center

   

It is often-touted that the world has been shifting towards
Asia. Indeed, innovation has clearly gotten a good footing in
the East and higher education has been no exception; in the last 10 years the global center
of mass of the top ranked 100 universities has been constantly
shifting towards the East particularly China.

According to 2018 QS world universities ranking out of top 100
universities 23 universities are Asian among them 11 universities are based in
People’s Republic of China (including Hong Kong). The number of students who
choose to study at a university overseas has grown-up significantly in recent
decades.  The composition of the globally
mobile student body has changed notably over the last decade, with student
mobility shifting from a largely unidirectional east-west flow to a
multidirectional movement and encompassing non-traditional sending and host
countries.

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China, in particular, has invested significantly in its higher education
sector in the last few years. Chinese investment
in internationalized education extends to the top government level, with a
conscious understanding that education is a means of investing in the
population and student mobility is a chance to influence the next
generation. China has built up its own universities to compete with
‘world-class’ institutions through C9 League, Project
211 and Project 985, spreading access to Chinese language and culture
learning and using English as medium of instruction by many universities for
different programs.  

National University of Singapore, Nanyang Technological
University of Singapore, Peking University, Tsinghua University, The University
of Tokyo, Seoul National University, The University of Hong Kong are some of
the world class research universities of Asia where even the American and European
Students dream for getting their higher study. These universities are as competitive
as elite European and American universities in terms of quality education,
research and world class infrastructures. Japan was already one of the global
education hubs for higher study and Singapore has established itself as world
research hub from last one decade. But if you see the recent trend and
development Chinese Universities have already uplifted them compare to other
Asian elite universities and established as the world class research institutes
and higher study centre as well as future heart of world higher study and
research hub. Many Chinese universities are just behind few British and
American world renowned universities in terms of quality education and research
for higher study.  It is a time to view
China not just as a follower but as potentially a global leader in higher
education.

Governments particularly those in non-traditional host countries continue
to develop a broad range of strategies to develop the appeal of their higher
education sector to foreign students and scholars, to develop research and
teaching links with international partners with the aim of increasing
institutional visibility. Japan and China, in particular, have targeted
international students as a way to achieve a number of national aims, including
encouraging the internationalization of higher education in their countries (in
part as a tool to drive up research and teaching standards), developing links
between Japanese and Chinese universities and peer institutions overseas, and
developing a workforce that meets the needs of their industries.

Chinese universities are internationalizing in many directions. China’s
President Xi Jinping had launched a number of new international initiatives in
2015–16, reflecting a big push for China to develop closer links with other
countries across a range of areas.

While study abroad and other international experiences are widely
considered to be valuable for students, and to develop a wide range of soft
skills such as inter-cultural communication, openness to new challenges,
problem-solving and decision-making skills in returnees, there has not always
been a strong empirical evidence base to support efforts to broaden student
internationalization.

As the broad outline of student mobility slowly changes, political and
demographic changes continue to shape government policies towards international
students. In Asia, for instance, ASEAN nations are working to support local
students to study in Asia rather than going to western countries’ universities,
and already, have launched a ‘Common Space of Higher Education’ to promote
cross-border student mobility and academic incorporation across Southeast Asia.

 

The international population of students who move to another country to
study continuously rising. The number of Students studying abroad reached
almost 5 million in 2014, more than double the 2.1 million in 2000 – with an
annual rise of 10%. The OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) has projected that, with demographic changes,
international student mobility is likely to reach 8 million students per year
by 2025. The balance of host nation is beginning to change which was constant
over past decade. From several years the USA remains the trendiest destination
for international students, followed by the UK, Germany, Australia and France.
However, the USA and UK’s conventional market share is waning, with China,
Japan, and South Korea increasing in popularity among Asian and African
students for higher study. Among Asian higher education hubs Japan and Korea enjoy
high numbers of international students from regional countries: 81% of
international students in Japan and 75% in Korea come from other Asian countries.
 International student mobility is changing
with conventional destinations losing market share.

Recently developed geopolitical environments such as
Brexit and the US’s  taking back  hand from multilateral trade and cooperation generates
waves of uncertainty in higher study education concerning international
cooperation, the free movement of students, education, scientific knowledge and
ideas. China is utilizing this situation and 
has already introduced new international initiatives with its New Silk
Road (One Belt One Road) project, which could potentially spread and incorporate
important areas of the world across the Euro-Asian continents, but likely on
new and different conditions, and also for higher study education.

The size of China’s higher education, research and
development system and the speed at which it develops to global standards, it
already has 33 million students, 443,000 international students and rising, and
a ‘Double World-Class Project’ aiming to have 40 world-class universities by
mid-century will have an impact on its major competitors globally, not least as
it seeks to cooperate with academic partners along the Silk Road.

The economic powerhouse is moving from the old industrialized
countries to Asian countries. The economic powerhouse is moving and there are
good reasons to believe also the powerhouse of higher education will move too.