Now somewhere and somehow. It means waste

Now days, solid waste management in urban areas has become a
major problem with the rapidly increasing growth of  urbanization, industrialization and economic
development.  Solid waste management is
the second biggest concern at the most of 
the urban centers of the world after the problem of unemployment.
Generation of solid waste has a direct relationship with the population
density, whereas income level of the people determines the types of solid waste.
Solid
Waste Management is one of the important obligatory functions of not only urban
local bodies but also of rural local bodies. But this essential service is not
efficiently and properly performed by the local bodies of West Bengal,
resulting in many health and sanitation problems. It is observed that lack of
financial resources, institutional weakness, improper selection of technology,
transportation systems and disposal options, public’s apathy towards
environmental cleanliness and sanitation have made this service unsatisfactory

                Any
useless, unwanted discarded material that is not a liquid or gas is referred as
solid waste or refuse. For e.g. it may be yesterday’s news paper, junk mail,
today’s meal scraps, pieces of bread, roti, waste rice, racked leaves, dust,
grass clippings, broken furniture, abandoned materials, animal manure, sewage
sludge, industrial refuse or street sweepings etc.  Actually solid wastes are useless materials
generated from the households, municipal areas, industries, markets, commercial
sectors, hospitals etc. The refuse materials such as newspaper, cotton pieces,
foodstuff, skin, clothes, leather,old dress, fish etc., anything of solids
produced by the humans is going to become a waste some time somewhere and
somehow. It means waste material is produced as a result of human activity. The
quantity of this material is increasing readily due to increase in human population
and increase in the standards of living. For example, in Bombay 7000 tons of municipal
solid wastes are being produced every day. All this is contributed by the
kitchen refuse, markets and slaughter house. These wastes have to be disposed
off so that environment  remains clean
and healthy for inhabitation. Solid waste management includes the process
ofgeneration, collection, storage, transport and disposal or reuse and
re-circulation or incinerationor any relevant method of disposal

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          The annual global
production of solid waste is now approximately 1.6 × 10 tons, whereas Asia
generates 760 × 10 tons, Indian metro cities together generate 30,000 tons and
Class-I cities generates 50,000 tons of solid waste per day respectively.
Haldia  generates about 55  metric tons of solid waste on a regular basis.
The elements of solid waste management are waste generation, collection,
segregation, storage, transport, disposal and treatment. There are various ways
to dispose of this solid waste i.e. open dumping, land filling, incineration
(burning of waste), composting etc. Many of the municipalities follow the first
two methods for disposing of solid waste. But it can create so many problems
like air pollution, land degradation, water pollution, visual pollution which
ultimately affects human health, specially, during the monsoon. Wastes are
often dumped over open grounds or open vats spread along the roads and surrounding
areas. Sometimes the drains are choked and overflown due to waste accumulation.
Municipalities have been facing difficulties in managing the solid waste
particularly in respect of lack of efficient labours, absence of segregation
facility, insufficient funding on solid waste management, absence of new dumping
grounds, lack of awareness in people and so on.

                      Due to growing
population, not only in the urban areas but also in rural areas, the environmental
problem arising from unscientific and indiscriminate disposal of municipal
garbage is a real menace for the whole society. The Central Government notified
the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management & Handling) Rules 2000 under Sections
3, 6 and 25 of the Environment (Protection) Act 1986 for the purpose of managing
municipal and urban wastes/garbage in an environmentally sound manner. Every municipal
authority is responsible to develop a system for scientific disposal of garbage
through composting and engineered landfill. To develop the scientific disposal
of municipal wastes, the municipal authorities introduced the door-to-door
collection system, along with proper segregation at source, storage and transportation
to the facility site for waste processing and disposal. The West Bengal Pollution
Control Board (WBPCB) is the

Prescribed
Authority empowered only grant authorisation to the local bodies in the

state
of West Bengal.