Our are some people who cannot access

Our society is growing as new economy in the world and our social
system is also changing with due effect of technological developments in the
field of information and communication technologies (ICT). Any technological
development change brings some changes in the society i.e. change in attitudes,
change in values, change in preferences, change in practices etc.  Development of ICT has also changed many
faces of our society like; communication opportunities, education, awareness,
expression of thoughts, connectivity, sharing of knowledge, attitudes of
people. In rapidly changing society many sections left behind the curtains of carelessness
unintentionally or intentionally.

     

Over the years disabled children/people were segregated from the
society and they were neglected in all ways. As far as long they were not
considered able for education and participation in the community activities.
Democracy can succeed by providing educational opportunities to all
its members and not few only. Indian Education Commission (Kothari Commission,
1962-64) states in its report, “One of the important social objectives of
education is to equalize the opportunities, enabling the backward or
underprivileged classes and individuals to use education as a lever for the
improvement of their conditions.” In our society there are some people who
cannot access general education for their progress and development because of
some disabilities. Their problems of accessibility comprise special talent in
sensory, cognitive and physical areas of functioning. Especially the people
with disabilities need special care and training for their survival and their
contribution in mainstream of headway (MPOBU, 2001). Many legal forms took
place in the country due to international movements in the field of children
rights and education which gave a direction to inclusive education and our
government started many schemes and programme to include the children who were disabled
or deprived or belongs to any section lives at margins.

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India
is signatory to UN convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities and its
Optional Protocol was adopted on the 13th December, 2006 at United Nations
Headquarters in New York and came into force on the 3rd May, 2008. Therefore it
is necessary to align and complement the existing laws with the said convention.
In 2009 Right
to Education Act was passed by government of India to give equal opportunities
to all the children who are living at margins of the society or face
difficulties in education system. In 2016 The Rights of Persons with Disabilities
(RPWD) Act was enacted by the Government of India to reinforce and fulfillment
of rights of the children/persons who belongs to disability group and this Act enlisted
21conditions as disabilities. Government also passed Mental Healthcare Act-2017
to provide mental healthcare and services for persons with mental illness and
to protect, promote and fulfill the rights of such persons. Many legal
frameworks took place during last two decades but the objectives of inclusive
education were not fulfilled satisfactorily in our country because lack of community
involvement, negligence of local authorities, lacking in parents’ and educational
administrators’ involvement and other agencies seems unsatisfactory. Parents,
community and local authorities have vital role in implementing any programme
or scheme related to education of their children as well as inclusive education.