Peer and among teens, the youngest teens

Peer pressure
was defined by Santor, Messervey, & Kusumakar, (2000) as a subjective
feeling of being pushed, urged, or dared by others to do something only because
of expectations from others. Social identity might cause risky driving for
teens (Scott-Parker et al. 2009). Adolescents practice or behave in ways that
they perceive as acceptable and expected by their friends and peer group who
are close to them (Simons-Morton & Farhat 2010).

Peer influence
has been associated with speeding and other measures of risky behavior.
Scott-Parker et al. (2009) have found out that social norms and affiliation
with risk-taking peers were linked to risky driving. According to Simons-Morton
et al. (2011) the number of friends who engaged in risky driving and other risk
behaviors predicted risky driving with those teenagers who are newly-licensed. Speeding
and other risky driving behaviors deemed to remain high, and possibly increase
during the early years of driving probably because adolescents gain their
confidence with driving. Teens are said to have the highest crash rate per
miles driven of any age group and among teens, the youngest teens have the
worst crash rate (Insurance Institute for Highway Safety Fatality Facts, 2004).
Motor-vehicle crashes are a leading cause of death among teenagers and in many
instances, appear linked to negative peer influences on adolescent driving
behavior (Allen & Brown 2008). According to the Ozer et al. (2000), in the
studies of adolescents and driving, Motor-vehicle crashes signify as the
leading cause of death among teenagers. High crash rates have been attributed
to a variety of factors including inexperience, immaturity, risk taking, and
distraction (Williams & McKnight et al. 2003).

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A study of Chen et al. (2000) and Preusser et al. (1998) said
that there is an increase with the crash rates and fatalities when teen drivers
are guided or accompanied by peer passengers. These signals that they should be
giving attention to the ways in which peers’ influence driving behavior. Arnett
and Offer (1997) stated that adolescents’ driving behavior depends on who is
inside the car with them. Teenagers most likely drive faster and take more
risks when their passengers are their peers that when their passenger are
adults and Baxter et al. (1990) also said that this happen specially if the
peers are young men. According to Anuj et al. (2014) peer passengers could
possibly influence adolescent drivers by introducing visual distractions or by
causing inattention to the driver due to other sources of influence such as
social norms. In a study of Shepherd et al. (2011) evidence was showed that
overt peer pressure can result to risky behaviors as measured by other
driving-relate outcomes.