Scenario A: The Royal Opera House in London have hired Luciano Paul Johnson toperform at an event. Paul has entered into a legal 6 month contract to perform at thevenue. Paul has a received a better offer to perform overseas. He is now refusing toabide by the contract and has told The Royal Opera House he will not be performing.What remedy is available to the Royal Opera House?The remedy available for scenario A is that The Royal Opera House can make claims for injunctions, the reason for this is that The Royal Opera House and Luciano Paul Johnson had a previous contract for six months, however now Luciano Paul Johnson is no longer following the rules and regulations of the contract as he feels that he is better off without the offer. The Royal Opera House will have to take Luciano Paul Johnson to court in order to ensure that Luciano Paul Johnson starts to follow the rules and regulations set out by the contract that both of the parties agreed on, by doing this Luciano Paul Johnson will not be able to work with companies that are overseas whilst he is under contract with The Royal Opera House, this will become a positive factor for The Royal Opera House because no rival companies can legally hire Luciano Paul Johnson whilst he is under contract with The Royal Opera House. There was a relatable situation like this that happened in the Lumley V Wagner 1852, in this case the opera singer Johanna Wagner was under contract to perform in a theatre and the contract was supposed to last three months, it clearly stated in the contract that Johanna Wagner is not allowed to perform for any other company until her contract finishes. When the manager of Covent Garden Theatre offered her to sing at his theatre for more money, she was taken to court for injunction, the claim was successful and the theatre company Johanna was under contract with was granted the claim. The opera singer had no choice but to finish the term of her contract by singing for the theatre company she originally signed the contract with. If The Royal Opera House were to claim for injunction then they would get the same outcome as the Lumley V Wagner 1852, which was in the benefit of the opera theatre company.Scenario B: Florist has received an order for an engagement she agrees with the buyerthat the flowers will be collected at 9am on Saturday. A small deposit is received – thebuyer has still not collected the flowers and it is now 4pm. The shop closes at 6pmanother potential buyer has arrived and wants to purchase the flowers.As the buyer has breached the contract what remedy is available to the florist?The best remedy available for scenario B is to resell all of the flowers again, this is because the person who wanted to buy the flowers in the first didnt come at the agreed time which was 9 am, and as a good gesture the florist waited till for 4 pm even though that was not agreed in the contract. The buyer still didn’t turn up at 6 pm when the shop closes. So because all of the deadlines according to the contract were not met which means that the buyer was in breach of contract therefore if the florist wishes to sell the flowers to someone else then they can as the contract between the two parties doesn’t exist any longer.Scenario C: Sara booked her honeymoon at a cost of £3,000. The Honeymoon wasadvertised as being a luxury holiday. On arrival Sara is told the honeymoon suite isunder construction and she is put in a normal room. The hotel was described as havingscenic views – the view from Sara’s room is of a building site. Sara is left distraught andis now suing the holiday company for damages. Which types of damages are available to Sara and for what?The remedy that is available for Sara is to claim for unliquidated damages, this is due to the fact that the contract was made between the holiday company and Sara however the contract was breached as the quality of the hotel and holiday did not meet the standards that was promised to Sara in the contract. Because Sara is suing the holiday company to claim for her damages and other possible claims as well. According to the court guidelines Sara will be able to claim for all of the distress that Sara has had to go through because of the holiday company’s carelessness. By doing this Sara will better her position as she would be more cautious in the future whenever she is booking a holiday with another holiday company. Sara’s case is similar to the Jarvis V Swan Tours LTD 1973. Mr. Jarvis booked a skiing holiday for 15 days over the Christmas holiday period with a company. The advertisement which Mr. Jarvis used to book his holiday was a brochure claiming that the amount of enjoyment is off the charts and that they will be welcomed by a friendly english speaking hotel owner and that there are loads of different types of ski runs amongst other things. When Mr. Jarvis got to his destination none of the things that the brochures claimed were true and Mr. Jarvis claimed for breach of contract as the things that he was promised were not true and the holiday was a disappointment, however the judge awarded Mr. Jarvis £30 due to the simple fact that he had was provided with half of what he paid for and no further damages could be recovered. Later on Mr. Jarvis appealed his case and the court decided that the claimant (Mr. Jarvis) will get to recover all of the damages for the loss of only being provided that Mr. Jarvis only received half of the things that were mentioned to him at the signing of the contract. This is very relatable to Sara’s case because she was also promised things by the holiday company which she didn’t get, now according to the law she as the right to make a claim for damages. Scenario D: A builder enters into a contract with a builders merchants for a supply ofbuilding materials over a number of weeks. The builder receives an invoice for the firstdelivery of materials, which he does not pay within the required time.What remedy can the builders merchants exerciseThe remedy the builders merchants can exercise is reservation of title, due to the fat that the builder has still not been paid for the materials that the builders merchants delivered first, the builders merchants has the right to keep the other deliveries on hold until the builder pays for the first delivery. This gives the builders merchants some security as they will not be losing more money if they carry on delivering things to the builder without any payments being made then they will be losing money.