Summary breast and then fluid starts to

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Summary
on Medical Topic

‘Breast
Cancer’

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

By:
Seham Alomari

Date:
12/05/2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Introduction

            Cancer is the growth of abnormal
cells in the body. These cells normally grow abnormally hence invade and damage
the normal tissues of the body. Cancer is not actually one disease, but many
types of diseases depending on where the abnormal cell growth occurs in the
body. Cancer of the breast is the kind which normally affect women’s breast. It
is definitely the second one leading cancer-related death within America.
Cancer can infect any part of the breast depending on the damaged tissue caused
by the uncontrolled growth of cells. Now, there are known treatment like
chemotherapy and there is also futuristic treatment like the usage of
nanotechnology.

Description? ?and? ?known?
?treatment? ?of? ?breast? ?cancer

            The
most significant signs that appear in the breast cancer disease is the lump
that is felt by the patient or found by special kind of x-ray, which ultimately
change the
form of the breast. Later it impacts the skin of the breast and then fluid
starts to flow from the nipples. Ultimately, pain is felt in the late stages of
breast cancer.  In the past, breast
cancers have been researched on and a few of the threat factors of most cancer
and cancer patients is the difficulty of familiar elements which indicate that
about five to ten percent of breast cancer patients reported instances
supporting the idea of hereditary. There is the belief of change or mutation of
genes which might have been inherited by the patient. Inherited mutations
related to this inheritance are BRCA1 or BRCA2, which could be the unusual
reasons of hereditary breast cancer. Women with BRCA. Mutations
are believed to have a better threat of growing breast most cancers for the
duration of their lifetime. They are the most susceptible patients to breast
cancer and are among people who should monitor their life for possible and
early signs of cancer. If possible, they should enroll in regular cancer check
up programs to make sure that they are not in any way exposed to or become
victims of breast cancer.

             However, in a situation where women with BRCA
develop the mutations of the genes, they are always younger than other women
who develop the same cancer type, but who are not born with the same mutation
which is usually passed through to kids. They are not normally that young when
it comes to the stage or the extent of the cancerous cells rapture, their cells
are not actually that active hence they can be easily treated unlike others who
have already had the cell mutation. These cells even if they have not yet
started decongestion are always active.

             The growing cells can invade and damage the
normal cells of a breast causing a disorder or respiration of tissues which
lead to swelling of the infected part. The actual cause of cancer is not yet
known, but it is assumed that it is related to changes in the genetic material
(DNA) in the body cells, but this allegation is not scientifically approved.
The reason for these allegations is that DNA changes are often related to the
lifestyles which people live and which in this case will have an upper hand in
bringing forth the risk and exposure to cancer or abnormal growth of cells.

            Nevertheless, studies from past
cancer patients report in the United States state that ace can as well be a
risk aspect for cancer improvement. African American women are much more likely
to die of cancer because of their hassle in coloration genes of their bodies. The
combination of these is exposed to cancer treatment and illness when it comes
to screening and modification of these cells. During chemotherapy, these cells
will not be found easily considering the adverse affection between the African
American skin color. Some people may wonder how come the two categories of
people are more exposed to the high-risk factor of cancer due to their race,
but the answer is not yet proved with concrete evidence.

             Body activity, in this case, lowers the risk
of many diseases just like cancer, an active person will not easily develop
cancer which applies to women. Women who are always active and who are willing
and ready to work throughout the day will have their body tissues being active
and strong (Early Breast, 2105). The production of the body cells in the body is
done through working towards achieving one basic factor which is body
sensitivity and activity. Lack of exercise normally promotes obesity in women
which is another factor of high risk of developing cancerous cells. Obesity
among women contributes to higher chances of contacting breast cancer more so
after becoming infertile.

             Technological advancements in the world today
have been used to sensitize the public of the effects of cancer and the
exposure of certain effects which may be associated with the high risk of
cancer and cancer patients. In this case, cancer patients had to undergo
certain therapies in the process of looking for a lasting solution to the cure
and avoiding it from spreading to the whole body (Wooster et al., 21). Cancer
therapies are currently limited to surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy.
Exposure to all the three methods lead to a serious threat and damage of the
normal tissue, incomplete eradication or it may even get exposed to the extent
of having an incomplete tissue eradication on the affected cancer area of the
body.

            Previous chest radiation on women
when they were young or have recently had radiation on the chest have a higher
risk of developing cancer than those who did not. Since cancer is caused by an
abnormal rupture of cells in the body, radiation interferes with tissue and
cells functions in the body, hence, in the process of radiation the breast
might be interfered with by the radiation it is exposed to. To make sure that
cancer is cured and not caused by radiation, it is wise to have a perfect
radiation from an approved lab for women’s chest are very sensitive part of
their bodies.

            Before a woman is found to have
cancer, all women should take remedies to make sure that they are not exposed
to developing breast cancer. Taking full obligation of cancer prevention, women
are supposed to try to stay at a healthy weight all the time and be physically
active, in so doing, they will not be exposed to the higher risk of developing
cancerous cells. Some women even think that other things like breastfeeding for
a long time is a strategy to avoid development of cancerous cells. Not using
hormone therapy to deal with the symptoms of menopause will also be a better
option since hormone therapy is believed to interfere with the function of the
cells which will be a serious factor especially around the chest part of women.

The? ?usage? ?of? ?Nanotechnology

            Nanotechnology
is basically the use of extremely small particles to penetrate through the body
tissues to places where the normal medicine cannot penetrate, it gives a more
advanced treatment and diagnosing of serious diseases. The use of
nanotechnology in cancer patients has been one of the emerging trends in the
use of diagnosing. A very large number of cancer patients prefer this type of
treatment and now even breast cancer patients have come on the move to use
these type of drug administration. So far, no one has yet to report cases of
side effect to women who have used it; instead, most of them seem to be giving
praise for a job well done and even encouraging their friends to go and have a
taste of the same.

            Cancer treatment and prevention
using nanotechnology has honestly supplied the means and goals to stop
chemotherapy and selectively kill cancerous cells and neoplasms. Nanotechnology
is all about manipulating substances in the form of gold or silica to alter
existing matter or even to create a new molecule or physical structure with
potentially physical properties. All this is believed to be happening at a
molecular and atomic space which most physicians use as an existing factor in
treating and advancing the use of these drugs to administer the desired change
in a human being and make sure that all that the patient requirements has been
met, and he uses it to solve certain problems of diverse infection which can be
caused by cancer and other illness.

            Currently, there are two
nanotechnology drugs which have been approved for the same purpose, these drugs
are Doxil and Abraxane. These have become available to all the cancer patients
in North America and up till now, the effects of these drugs have not been
reported to be adverse and the cause of cancer is almost wiped out. Within a
very short time, cancer patients will be rejoicing and celebrating the benefit
that this drug will have and the impact to the bodies of the patients to assist
them to overcome cancer. In North America alone, the cost of cancer is very
high and all that people are yearning for is the resolution that government
will take to make sure that its people, especially women, have a stress free
life and out of danger.

Discussion

             In my opinion, it’s true that health
philosophy is to maintain physical activity, proper nutrition as well as
emotional health as well as physical health, especially to breast cancer
patients. Combining these entire together one will automatically be able to
have a healthy lifestyle which results in good health and wellness (Forrest et
al., 710). Physical activities are an important therapy for emotional and
well-being, in doing these activities one will feel good and that you have
accomplished a goal that you have set for your own and you will be glad that
you have done it and it worked for you. However, maintaining proper nutrition
will help you keep up with your physical activity in that the better you eat
the better you feel.

            Eating healthy, natural foods and
organic foods while staying away from processed foods, and beverages which are
carbonated, and away from fried foods is the best thing one can do to maintain
a healthy living since also these foods sometimes may have negative effect on
one’s health. When you keep on taking these foods through your lifetime they
will bring your emotions and physical health down. It is everyone’s wish to
feel happy and enjoy life in the best way possible, hence you must eat well and
educate others the importance of health and well-being.

            Body activity, in this case, lowers
the risk of many diseases just like cancer, an active person will not easily
develop cancer which applies to women. Women who are always active and who are
willing and ready to work throughout the day will have their body tissues being
active and strong (Early Breast, 2105). The production of the body cells in the
body is done through working towards achieving one basic factor which is body
sensitivity and activity. Lack of exercise normally promotes obesity in women
which is another factor of high risk of developing cancerous cells. Obesity in women
raises a high risk of having breast cancer, especially for women after menopause.

Forecasting? ?The? ?hopeful? ?future

            Studies have been conducted by
different authors about the type of cancer and how it affects our lives, most
of these cancer effects, if they are not taken care of, may end up becoming a
burden to our life’s and even causing discomfort within our families, hence
it’s the obligation of each and every member of the society to come out and
address these health issues so that the society is free from illness which can
result in even a lot of spending which in return can cause a lot of
difficulties in our life’s. Cancer treatment is very expensive considering the
impact it will have on the financial situation of a family if not taken care of
immediately from the first signs of cancer and being attended to. Cancerous
cells are believed to have been a burden to the society if not clearly
addressed and a lasting solution made before it spread to the whole body.

            Many hospitals in most states give
patient’s summaries to the state government, hospitals association, or some
other health organizations which are obligated to collect this information.
They also come up the national inpatient sample which is a major derivative of
the state inpatient derivative data whose task is to provide a research
database for conducting a national’s land and regional studies of inpatient
delivered in the United States. These clearly show the direction of the future
of cancer handling and treatment. The state can be able to visit these people
whom they have noticed to have cancer and note the progress of their families
and how they will be incorporated to make sure that breast cancer and cervical
cancer is not passed from parent to child.

            The future of medicine especially
breast cancer medicine is so tiny and diseases and infections have been coming
out on the move to make sure that all that they have been administered is not
working for them and so far the introduction of nanotechnology effect in the
health sector is just but a strategy which is employed to make sure that all
the tiny infections affecting those cells in human beings are met and wiped out
without just administering drugs which do not show any advances effect on the
body of human beings.

            When you have confirmed that you
have breast cancer and you are sure that you are a cancer patient most people
seek treatment from qualified home based professionals. This number one care
expert includes family physicians and pediatricians as well as internists who
are the excellent choice for them. In some cases, physician assistants and
nurses with an extra training who in this case are called nurse practitioners
provide primary care. It is advisable that most of the times you will need to
at least see other care professionals from time to time (Stewart et al., 77).
When you have access to a team of healthcare professionals they can easily help
improve their patient self-care. There has been one of the remedies employed by
most women with breast cancer and in so doing the patient will automatically
get out of danger from exposure to more advanced cancer types like cancer
affecting the other breast which will be the worst that it could have ever
happened to the patient.

             In conclusion, cancer has been and it is a
serious disease to human beings, especially breast cancer which is reported in
women. The question lingering in the minds of cancer patients and those who
have not yet developed cancer is what next for cancer. Nanotechnology has been
developed and it’s being used to fight these types of cancer, but all that we
need to understand is keeping healthy and regular checkup is the best remedy
for solving it out. People should keep a healthy life and maintain a physically
fit body. Breast cancer screening would be the best option for women in that
they should have a regular screening by professionals to make sure that they
are not exposed too much to the danger of cancer.

Summary

            There are risk factors which are
related to breast cancer, which are proven and analyzed. Risk factors, in this
case, are anything can be able to prevent decrease the chances of getting
breast cancer and other diseases. There are beliefs and scientific proves on
the same issue and in this case, there is known risk factors for breast cancer.
Some of these factors cannot be changed easily while others can easily be
changed without much work being done. One of the risk factors for cancer is
being a woman in that women are in a serious threat to breast cancer, unlike
men who in this case are also prone to developing breast cancer easily.

             The Older woman is under serious threat of
breast cancer, many cases of aging women have in the recent years reported with
over 80% of cancer patients in serious conditions being older women. The more
the number of years a woman has the higher the risk of getting breast cancer
due to their stability and strength of their breast tissues, unlike the younger
women and girls (Slamon et al., 180). Age limit can be a posing factor to the
old women and in the other hand, these women have the tendency of ignoring g
the early signs of cancer, which they would in return have it at the stage
which they will be unable to be treated hence leading to deaths. The future of
cancer patients is guaranteed only if the stakeholders and the state can take
it that serious to mobilize the effects of cancer to the young girls and to
show them the dangers of being a cancer patient not only breast cancer but even
other types of cancer which they will be exposed.

            Studies have shown that women with
breast cancer usually have history of breast cancer in their families or their
background, there might not be from a close relative but from a far blood
relative at least in a generation of cancer patients family, not all members
will have the same cancer but in this case women can get breast cancer from a
generation with other types of cancer not necessarily breast cancer, there
might even be a family history which is well known in the past four generations
to have other types of cancer such as liver or even skin cancer, in this case,
the women from that linage of the patient will develop breast cancer. To make
sure that the family and the future lineage of the patient is safe from cancer
its wise for the family who have a family history of illnesses to be cautious
and take regular checkup for all their family members, this will actually stop
or reduce the effect of these illness in the lifetime of the patient. Cancer
patients are advised to have a regular checkup and more so to make sure that
they visit the facility before it’s too late for it to be cured not to assume
that all will be well instead.

            Women who have had breast cancer in
one breast have the risk of getting cancer to the other breast or even the same
breast on another part of the breast. There is a possibility when you look at
the past medical history of the patient, it may have been that cancer has
developed in the past and the women were diagnosed hence luckily get cured
without a clear knowledge that it was actually cancer. The same patient has the
possibility of developing another cancer type in other parts of the body.
Chemotherapy should be thoroughly used, in this case in that it’s advisable to
use it anytime there is a sense of developing the cancer type which in this
case will be a clear remedy of cancer treatment.

            Women who do not have children in
their early life are highly exposed to the risk of cancer or those women who
have children later in life after the age of 30, it puts these women in a
slight higher risk of developing breast cancer. Even in other situations, it’s
believed that women who have more menstrual cycles also have slightly higher
risks, when a woman starts her menstruation period early the risks are minimal,
when the woman goes through menopause early she risks developing breast cancer
in this case. Breastfeeding reduces the risk of breast cancer and that is why
those women who have children late will most likely develop or be exposed to
breast cancer which is actually a very serious scenario when it comes only to
breastfeeding. It’s good for women to utilize breastfeeding their kids because
it’s healthy and it also relieves them from exposure to cancerous cells, the
breast tissues are well developed when the child is breastfed. Nevertheless,
there is no sure way to prevent breast cancer in women, but there are measures
that women should take to make sure that they reduce the risk of cancer and
help increase odds that when they get to know about the presence of cancer in
their bodies it can be treated in the early stages hence prevent adverse
effects to other parts of their bodies. All women should have regular screening
to find out cancer and other diseases which might in cause other serious effect
to cancer patients, screening can help find cancer when they are still small
and the probability of finishing the treatment is actually very high. A
clinical breast examination is also useful to women to prevent the exposure to
risk associated with breast cancer. This clinical breast exam can be done by
women themselves or by professionals.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Forrest,
A. Patrick, et al. “Randomized controlled trial of conservation therapy
for breast cancer:     6-year analysis of
the Scottish trial.” The Lancet 348.9029 (1996): 708-713.

Slamon,
Dennis J., et al. “Human breast cancer: correlation of relapse and
survival with       amplification of the
HER-2/neu oncogene.” science 235.4785 (1987): 177-182.

Wooster,
Rlchard, et al. “Identification of the.” Nature 378 (1995): 21.

Early
Breast Cancer Trialists’ Collaborative Group. “Effects of chemotherapy and
hormonal            therapy for early
breast cancer on recurrence and 15-year survival: an overview of the   randomised trials.” The Lancet 365.9472
(2005): 1687-1717.

Early
Breast Cancer Trialists’ Collaborative Group. “Effects of radiotherapy and
of differences in    the extent of surgery
for early breast cancer on local recurrence and 15-year survival: an     overview of the randomised trials.” The
Lancet 366.9503 (2006): 2087-2106.

Fisher,
Bernard, et al. “Tamoxifen for prevention of breast cancer: report of the
National Surgical    Adjuvant Breast and
Bowel Project P-1 Study.” JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute 90.18 (1998): 1371-1388.

Stewart,
B. W. K. P., and Christopher P. Wild. “World cancer report 2014.”
Health (2017).77