The Oxford Living Dictionaries, 2018). Soteriology is

The book of
Revelation is the final book in the Christian Holy Bible, and it is an example
of apocalyptic writing as it talks about judgment day and the end of the world.
Revelation is a record of John’s vision that he received from an angel of the
Lord and it takes us through the great tribulation as it proclaims the last
days before Jesus Christ’s return. Many people are confused by the book of
Revelation because of its use of many symbols to deliver its message. The
fundamental message of the final book of the bible is that Christ will return
one day to establish his everlasting kingdom. Within the book of Revelation,
there are many theological themes. These themes convey the study of the nature
of God and of religious beliefs. Three theological themes within the book of
Revelation are soteriology which is the doctrine of salvation, eschatology
which is concerned with death and judgement and the destiny of our souls, and
finally Christology the branch of Christian theology relating to the person,
nature, and role of Christ (English Oxford Living Dictionaries, 2018).

 

            Soteriology is the study of the
doctrine of salvation which means it studies how through Christ we can receive
salvation (GQM, 2018). Salvation saves us from eternal punishment which is our
consequence of sin and can only be received through faith in Jesus. Within the
book of Revelation soteriology is a central theme because we can only receive
our salvation when Christ returns, and this is what the book of Revelation
proclaims. Revelation is apocalyptic writing because it warns of the end times.
However, author Alexander Stewart writes that, “recent research into the
Apocalypse of John has made it clear that John did not primarily write the
Apocalypse in order to provide a detailed time table of events that would
unfold thousands of years in the future, instead John wrote to affect and move
his hearers” (2015). Stewart claims that “John primarily employs soteriology as
motivation” (2015). The book of Revelation’s use of soteriology is a strong
contribution to the Christian belief and practice. Revelation warns people of
what will happen if they do not accept Christ before the end times when God
will bring judgement to the living and the dead. The book’s use of soteriology
is significant to the Christian faith because it influences readers to respond
to God’s call to believe in him and repent of their sins. Revelations’ message of
the doctrine of salvation is motivational for all people so that they will have
nothing to fear when Jesus Christ gloriously appears and begins the judgement on
every human being.

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The
definition of eschatology is “the part of theology concerned with death,
judgement, and the final destiny of the soul and of humankind” (English Oxford
Living Dictionaries, 2018). It is the study of final things and the book of
Revelation is the primary book in the Bible that teaches about the end times
and has a strong eschatological theme. Eschatology studies the events that are
prophesized to occur at the end of the world. These events include the rapture
of Christ’s church, the seven-year tribulation where an antichrist will rise to
power and deceive many people, the battle of Armageddon, Christ’s second coming
and his millennial kingdom. Revelation is not the only book in the bible that
contains eschatology. The books of Daniel and Ezekiel in the Old Testament both
have passages that are very similar to the apocalyptic message in Revelation.
Some similarities include the mention of the millennial kingdom, the seal on
the forehead, God’s wrath, the four plagues and the son of man coming on a
cloud of glory. In Daniel 7:13 it says “In my vision at night I looked, and there before me
was one like a son of man, coming with the clouds of
heaven. He approached the Ancient of Days and was led into his presence.” This verse is very similar to the
message in Revelation 1:7, “Look, he is coming with the clouds” and “every eye
will see him, even those who pierced him”; and all peoples on earth “will mourn
because of him.” The study of eschatology supports Christian belief because it
helps believers better understand the apocalyptic messages in scripture so that
they can live a Christian life in preparation for the coming of Christ.
Eschatology also strengthens belief because of the knowledge that God is in
control of our history.

 

Christology
is “the branch of Christian theology relating to the person, nature, and role
of Christ” (English Oxford Living Dictionaries, 2018). The study of Christology
can be done in the book of Revelation because it is a revelation that comes
from Christ and was given to John in a vision to record. Jesus is central in
the book of Revelation as it talks about his second coming and defeat over the devil,
so a lot can be learned about Jesus Christ from John’s Apocalypse. John uses
many symbols and images in the book of Revelation to describe the character of
Jesus Christ. “The book of Revelation contains a rich and distinctive
Christology. In its various parts and visions Jesus is introduced with
approximately thirty different names, titles, and images. The readers of the
Apocalypse are not only informed about his character and nature but also about
his work” (Mueller, E. 2010). Some titles that are given to Jesus include faithful
witness, the first and the last, Son of God, the lamb, Alpha and Omega, the ruler
of the kings on earth, and the rider on the white horse. (Mueller, E. 2010). Through
these titles, humanity can learn a lot about who Christ is and the role that he
plays in our life and the world. Christology in Revelation furthers Christian belief
because readers receive more of an image of Christ and what he has planned for our
salvation.